Medical & Psychiatric Conditions
There are a variety of medical conditions that can be associated with cognitive problems that may go undiagnosed or at least poorly assessed. It may be important for treating doctors to know when there is a cognitive issue, as this may influence the decision to prescribe one medication versus another, and help address many functional questions about a person’s safety or ability to return to school or work, for instance. Individuals with neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, seizure disorders, essential tremor, migraines, and normal pressure hydrocephalus benefit from these types of evaluations. Difficulties with concentration, memory, and executive functions are also common to psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, major depression, bipolar disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder, for instance. In many cases, a patient may have a medically unexplained presentation and the assessment can help identify conversion disorder, a presentation consistent with non-epileptic seizure disorder, or a somatoform condition that requires psychotherapy rather than neurological treatment.